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Venice is situated in northern Italy and is in the region of the Veneto. The city’s name is Italian is Venezia. It is the capital of both the province of Venezia and the region Veneto. Most visitors say that Venice is like traveling back in time by boat on a slow stream. It is characterised by five hundred and fifty square kilometres of lagoon waters that are teal in colour and that create a mirror effect of all that stands along its banks. The lagoon is aptly named Laguna di Venezia translated Venetian Lagoon. The lagoon is the largest wetland in the Mediterranean Basin.
Basic statistics about the Venetian Lagoon
The Venetian Lagoon has a surface area of about five hundred and fifty square kilometres. It has about 8% land which includes Venice and many other smaller islands. Of the land about 11% is permanently covered by open water from canals. 80% of the lagoon consist of mud flats, tidal shallows and salt marshes. The lagoon is connected to the Adriatic Sea by way of 3 inlets:
Many of the smaller islands are artificial while others are pretty much sand dunes. The lagoon was spread over some one hundred and eighteen small islands initially when founded in 5 AD.
The lagoon is characterised by changes in water levels which are at high variations, the most extreme change is the spring tide which are known as Acqua Alta. These high spring tides regularly flood most of Venice during spring.
Interesting facts about the Venetian Lagoon and Venice
It is said that the whole city is an extraordinary architectural masterpiece, this is because even the smallest buildings contain work done by some of the world’s greatest artists the likes of Giorgione, Titian, Veronese and many others.
The lagoon is situated between two Italian rivers that flow into it, the River Sile that is to the north of the lagoon and the River Brenta that is to the South.
The lagoon has an average depth of eighty centimeters this is due to the dredged channels.
Today, the lagoon is made up of one hundred and seventeen islands which are largely sand dunes, but the five largest islands are the City of Venice, Sant Erasmo, Murano, Chioggia and Giudecca.
The lagoon is home to the Port of Venice, the Venice Arsenal, the annual Venice Film Festival, the world renowned location are fine handmade lace and hand blown glass way - Murano, the world renowned location for bobbin made lace (opposed to lace made by needles) - Chioggia.
The city of Venice, its suburbs and islands have over four hundred bridges and it has the beautiful Ponte de Sospiri Bridge; this bridge was built in 1600.
The Grand Canal which links some of the islands and suburbs of Venice and is between the Venetian Lagoon and Saint Mark’s Basin is lined by one hundred and seventy palaces, churches and merchants residences which for all built between the 13th and 18th century.
Going to Venice? Consider using airport transfers in Venice for transportation between the airport and your destination.